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Sardinia is an Italian region with about 1.6 million inhabitants, as well as the second-largest island in the Mediterranean. It is divided into 5 provinces: Cagliari, Nuoro, Oristano, Sassari and South Sardinia, its capital is Cagliari.

Sardinia has remained practically uncontaminated and has been defined as a microcontinent, thanks to the varied presence of ecosystems such as mountains, woods, plains, rivers, lakes, sandy beaches, and rocky parts. These rocks are considered to be among the oldest in Italy. The Supramonte area is full of caves, there are hundreds of them, but you can also admire them on the promontory of Capo Caccia in the famous Grotte di Nettuno in Alghero.

There are numerous elements still present in the area today such as the tombs of the Domus de Janas, the tombs of the giants, the menhirs, the dolmens, and the “well” temples. The nuraghe is certainly the best known and most famous building, there are over 7.000 that characterize the Sardinian territory.

This land for the most is part mountainous and hilly while less than 20% is flat, with the Campidano plain being the largest.

Sardinia has a Mediterranean climate, with sea breezes and an important windy exposure. The most important winds are the Mistral which comes from the French coasts and the Ponente (from West). Winters are mild and summers are hot and humid in the coastal areas, thanks to the presence of the sea.

A very special woman

Grazia Deledda was the first Italian woman to win the Nobel Prize and is one of the leading figures of Sardinia, who is an island with a strong matriarchal culture. In 1927, she became the Nobel Prize for literature “for her power as a writer, supported by a high ideal, which portrays life in plastic forms as it is in her secluded native island and which deals with problems of general human interest with depth and warmth” (translated from the original quote in Italian).

Culture and Festivals

In Sardinia, festivals are an opportunity to immerse yourself in the ancient culture to discover ancient traditions that are handed down from generation to generation. Think of the dances with rich typical costumes and masks, the poetic competitions that seem to be out of time, the wild horse races and parades of the past. The best known festivals are: Sant’Efisio in Cagliari, the Faradda dei Candelieri, S’Ardia, Sa Sartiglia, the Sardinian Cavalcade, the Carnival and many others. A unique artistic expression in the world, recognized by Unesco, is the song of the tenor, typical of Barbagia.

Sardinian cuisine is very varied, a result of the pastoral tradition, in fact, there are over 12.000 shepherds. There are also many recipes from peasants and seafarers.

Sardinia has specialized in sheep farming for millennia. Half of the Sardinian surface is used for grazing and agriculture. mostly for breeding. Over 3 million sheep live in Sardinia, almost half of the entire national heritage.

Sardinia offers a varied production of pecorino cheeses exported all over the world, especially in America. Think of the DOP cheeses: Fiore Sardo, Pecorino Sardo and Pecorino Romano (90% is produced on the island).

The culture of wine is equally ancient. Among the red wines we remember Cannonau, Cagnulari, Monica and Carignano del Sulcis, while among the whites Vermentino di Gallura, Malvasia di Bosa, Nasco, Torbato di Alghero, Vernaccia, and many others.


The economy is supported by trade and new technologies, but the driving activity is tourism.

The island of Sardinia has a mild climate, pristine landscapes, and crystal clear waters. This allows very active tourism, the number of annual visitors exceeds 10 million, in addition to the coastal area, the hinterland area is also affected thanks to cultural tourism, equestrian tourism, hiking, cycling, bird watching, sailing, and free climbing.

In the areas of Alghero, Bosa, and Santa Teresa lobster fishing and coral harvesting are very active (coral is also the symbol of the city of Alghero). While in the Carloforte area tuna fishing is practiced.


Important progress has also been made in the technology sector. In Pula, there is the CRS4 (Center for Research, Development and Higher Studies in Sardinia) which, under the guidance of the Nobel Prize in Physics Carlo Rubbia. The first Italian website was born in 1993 and the following year the first European online newspaper was edited by the Sardinian Union. Following one of the first Italian Internet service providers and then again the inspired entrepreneur Renato Soru, who later will also become the President of the Sardinia Region, founds the company, now publicly-traded, Tiscali.

Real Estate Market

There are about 50.000 foreigners on the island.

On average there are 45.000 properties for sale, the price per square meter of a residential property is around € 2,300. The highest number of transactions is by half made of the apartments, followed by about 20.000 independent houses.